Archive for November 20, 2015

Avoiding fear in the healthcare workplace [ TheGoodHealthSuite, by Joan Kingsley, 19/11/2015]

Introduction

Earlier this year, the Good Governance Institute was commissioned to consider and investigate how the NHS carries out reviews of bullying and harassment under the Dignity at Work Policy. This was following allegations of bullying and harassment at Worcestershire Acute Hospitals NHS Trust. The investigation concluded that The Dignity at Work Policy was ‘not fit for purpose’.

The report found “insufficient evidence to conclude that bullying and harassment is endemic at the Trust”. Although the report did find an “inconsistent and confusing” approach to the way staff concerns were addressed. Additionally the report stated that there was confusion about the definition of bullying.

A Culture of Fear

Culture refers to the implicit standards and values that underpin an organization.

However, the culture of many healthcare organizations is permeated with fear. This negatively affects doctors as well as healthcare co-workers at all levels. It is increasingly difficult for doctors to deliver quality care; nerves are frayed and tempers short. Patients feel compromised, anxious, and overlooked; they look to doctors for solutions. In consequence doctors are experiencing unacceptable levels of mental and physical stress.

Fear & the Brain

The Fear-Free Organization book presents Neuroscientific research that shows the damaging effect fear has on the brain.

In common with all mammals, human beings have evolved with eight basic emotions hard-wired into the brain. Fear, anger, disgust, shame and sadness are the flight/fight/fright/freeze emotions related to escape/avoidance; they prepare us to deal with danger. Love/trust and joy/excitement are the two emotions to do attachment and belonging. Surprise can take us in the direction of either escape/avoidance or attachment.

Excessive and persistent levels of fear create changes in the brain. These changes then interfere with the ability to work, to make decisions and to think with clarity and purpose.

Bullying

Lord Darzi’s 2008 report concluded there that was a ‘pervasive culture of fear in the NHS’ that directly links to bullying and the failure of staff to speak out and report instances of bullying. A 2015 NHS staff survey showed that 24 per cent of staff said that they had been subject to bullying, with 3 per cent of staff saying they had suffered physical violence from managers or colleagues.

According to the British Medical Association (BMA) hospital doctors are worried about being ‘bullied and harassed’ when raising concerns about patient safety. In a study conducted at hospitals throughout Wales 60% reported raising concerns; 60% of those doctors reported instances of bullying or harassment as a direct result of raising concerns; of those 60%, 40% reported that no action had been taken. The report further stated that underpinning the bullying and harassment of doctors were pressures resulting from unfilled staff vacancies; pressure to work longer hours, the drive to meet targets and having to work in inadequate facilities.

What Doctors can do in the face of fear and bullying

A culture of fear is the perfect breeding ground for bullying behaviour. Bullying and harassment cause anguish; they wreck lives, and destroy the fabric of an organization.

The antidote to fear is quite simple – trust. Although building that trust is more difficult, and can only be born from creating and maintaining good relationships. Strong teams working towards a common goal create a defence against fear and encourages everyone to feel like they are ‘in it together’. Good relationships involve honest and open communication and this is particularly important in healthcare when people are being cared for and lives are on the line. However, it is up to leaders to take note, to realise the importance of eradicating fear in the workplace and follow through on stated policies of zero tolerance of bullying to ensure a fear-free organization is produced.

Public servants blaming managers for rising psychological injury [HC Online, by Chloe Taylor, 20/11/2015]

The Australian Public Service (APS) is seeing costs go up when it comes to both physical and psychological injuries, with departments continuing to seek an end to expensive compensation claims and sick leave.

According to a recent APS Commission update, the incident rate of psychological injuries is now higher in the public sector than in the private sector.

Fairfax Media reported that departments were also told in the update that they could be doing a better job of supporting the mental health and wellbeing of their employees.

Department secretaries are continuing to assess how workplace practices are affecting staff attitudes, motivation and performance.

“This aspect of workplace health and safety links the demands of an employee’s role and the sense of control they experience over how they do their work,” the APS report said.

“Where employees experience consistently unrealistic time pressures, or have little or no control over how they do their work the workplace health and safety outcome is significantly poorer.”

The update found one-third of public servants believe they always or often face unrealistic time pressures at work, while 40 per cent said they never or rarely did.

According to Fairfax, trauma from workplace bullying or violence now makes up the largest proportion of mental-stress compensation claims among public servants.

The APS update reported that a third of public servants believed they always or often felt unrealistic time pressures at work, while almost half said senior leaders affected their health and safety at work.

Just over 40% said their immediate supervisors had demonstrated a commitment to safety – but 20% strongly disagreed with this.

“Senior leaders have a profound effect on workplace safety,” the update read.

“When senior leaders actively engage their staff on how to deal with workplace problems the effect on workplace safety is clear.”

Earlier this year, the Public Service Commission told an inquiry into the reform of the Comcare system that the APS could no longer afford the costs being incurred by the abuse of the scheme.

In the update, the Public Service Commission called upon all departments to ensure staff have a means through which to raise concerns about mental health risks, and to ensure that these could be received by management.

It was also recommended that senior leaders promote mental health through the introduction of awareness programs and workshops.